( 19 Viruses and 4 Bacteria -Covid, Cold, Flu, SARS, Boca, Rhino, Entero Viruses and Pneumonia)
When you wake up with severe headache, fever and sore throat, chest infection? Concerned it might be the flu, a cold, or Covid-19 and of prolonged further might be pneumonia?
Why This Test:
The respiratory tract is made up of body parts that are involved in breathing. Your lungs, nose, and throat are all included.
Our Respiratory Panel test include 23 Pathogens.
Most known infections are Covid, Flu, RSV, Pneumoniae and enterovirus.
Children, elderly person or immune compromised people are most vulnerable for Respiratory tract infection and can be lethal for them.
A respiratory panel examines the respiratory tract for most of known Viruses and Bacterial pathogens that causes Respiratory illness.
Many different viruses and bacteria can infect the respiratory tract. Although symptoms are commonly similar, treatment can differ significantly. As a result, it is important to make the correct diagnosis.
This test helps you to identify the infections at an early stage.
A single swab sample is all that is required for a respiratory panel to run tests for a wide range of viruses and bacteria.
Detail Genomic test will be performed to identify your infection causing Pathogen, that will help you and Your GP to take better Medical treatment
Results are usually available within 3 days.
A panel of respiratory pathogens is used to help with the diagnosis of viral and Bacterial infection, including:
Influenza A subtype H1
Influenza A subtype H1N1/2009
Influenza A subtype H3
Parainfluenza Virus 1
Parainfluenza virus 2
Parainfluenza virus 4
Parainfluenza virus 3
Respiratory syncytial virus A/B
Human metapneumovirus A/B
Bacterial infection, including:
Description of the Pathogen
- Influenza A is a type of virus that causes influenza (the flu), a highly contagious respiratory illness.
- Type A influenza is a contagious viral infection that can cause life-threatening complications if left untreated.
- If you have influenza A, you will have some or all of these symptoms: fever, cough (usually dry), headache, muscle and joint pain, severe malaise (feeling unwell), sore throat and a runny nose. The cough can be severe and can last 2 or more weeks.
- The SARS-CoV-2 virus is the infectious disease known as coronavirus disease (COVID-19).
- The majority of virus-infected individuals will experience a mild to severe respiratory illness and will recover without the need for special care. Nonetheless, some people will get serious illnesses and need to see a doctor. Serious sickness is more likely to strike older persons and those with underlying medical illnesses including cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or chronic respiratory diseases. COVID-19 can cause anyone to become very ill or die at any age.
- SARS-CoV-2 virus symptoms include Fever or chills, Cough, Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, Fatigue, Muscle or body aches, Headache, New loss of taste or smell, Sore throat, Congestion or runny nose, Nausea or vomiting, Diarrhea.
Influenza A subtype H1N1/2009:
- H1N1 influenza is a subtype of influenza. Upper and, in some cases, lower respiratory system infections are carried on by a virus, a communicable viral disease. The H1N1 flu, sometimes called swine flu, During the 2009–10 flu season, a new H1N1 virus began causing illness in humans. It was often called swine flu and was a new combination of influenza viruses that infect pigs, birds, and humans. This leads to symptoms such as nasal secretions, chills, fever, reduced appetite, and, in certain cases, lower respiratory tract illness.
- Flu B is more common in children, and although it’s generally mild to moderate in healthy children, it can be more severe in children under age 5.
- Influenza B viruses are not classified into subtypes but can be broken down into lineages. Currently circulating influenza type B viruses belong to either B/Yamagata or B/Victoria lineage.
- Type B influenza can only spread from humans to other humans. Symptoms can include a high fever, respiratory symptoms, and chills.
- The human coronavirus 229E (HCoV-229E) is a type of coronavirus that invades the human body. HCoV-229E spreads through droplets in the air and contaminated surfaces. HCoV-229E is linked to various respiratory symptoms, ranging from a simple cold to severe illnesses like pneumonia and bronchiolitis. However, severe outcomes are rare and usually occur in individuals with other respiratory infections. HCoV-229E is also one of the most detected coronaviruses found along with other respiratory viruses, particularly the human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV).
- The HCoV-HKU1, a type of coronavirus, is responsible for causing an disease of the upper respiratory tract that exhibits signs similar to that of a common cold. However, in severe cases, it can result in complications like pneumonia and bronchiolitis.
- Coronavirus NL63, a member of the coronavirus family, is classified as a Setracovirus within the Alphacoronavirus genus. The virus spreads through direct human-to-human contact, particularly in densely populated regions. It can remain viable for one week in liquid environments at room temperature and up to three hours on dry surfaces.
- Coronavirus NL63 symptoms include Fever or chills, Cough, Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, Fatigue, Muscle or body aches, Headache, New loss of taste or smell, Sore throat, Congestion or runny nose, Nausea or vomiting, Diarrhea.
- Human coronavirus oc43 is a betacoronavirus that usually causes mild respiratory symptoms.
- Coronavirus oc43 is commonly associated with mild to moderate upper respiratory tract illnesses such as the common cold. Symptoms include a runny nose, sore throat, headache, fever, cough, and a general sense of malaise.
Respiratory syncytial virus A/B:
- RSV infection causes cold-like symptoms such as rhinitis (runny nose, sneezing, or nasal congestion), cough, and, in some cases, fever. Children can also get ear infections and croup (a barking cough caused by inflammation of the upper airways). RSV is the leading cause of bronchiolitis in babies and infants, an infection of the small airways in the lung that makes breathing difficult and feeding difficult.
Parainfluenza virus 1-4:
- The incubation period, or the time between being infected with HPIV and experiencing symptoms, is typically 2 to 6 days.
- Croup is most associated with HPIV-1 and HPIV-2, with HPIV-1 being the most frequently identified cause in children. Both can cause upper and lower respiratory infections, as well as cold-like symptoms.
- HPIV-3 is more frequently linked to bronchiolitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia.
- HPIV-4 is less common, but it can cause mild to severe respiratory illnesses.
- Although adenoviruses can cause mild to severe illness, serious illness is uncommon. People who have weakened immune systems or who have a history of respiratory or cardiac disease are more likely to develop severe illness from an adenovirus infection.
A/B human metapneumovirus (HMPV):
- Cough, fever, nasal congestion, and shortness of breath are all common HMPV symptoms. Clinical symptoms of HMPV infection are similar to those of other viruses that cause upper and lower respiratory infections and can progress to bronchitis or pneumonia. The estimated incubation period is 3 to 6 days, and the median duration of illness varies depending on severity but is comparable to other viral respiratory infections.
- All viruses in the genus Bocaparvovirus of the viral family Parvoviridae that are known to infect humans are generally referred to as the human bocavirus (HBoV). The viruses HBoV1 and HBoV3 (as well as the gorilla bocaparvovirus) are members of the primate bocaparvovirus species 1, whereas HBoV2 and HBoV4 are members of the primate bocaparvovirus species 2. Some of these viruses harm people. Although the full clinical significance of this newly developing infectious disease is still unknown, HBoV1 is strongly suspected of being the cause of some cases of lower respiratory tract infection, particularly in young children, and several viruses have been related to gastroenteritis.
- A type of bacterium called Chlamydia pneumoniae can result in pneumonia and other respiratory tract illnesses. One reason for community-acquired pneumonia or lung infections that occur outside of a hospital is C. pneumoniae. Not everybody who is exposed to C. pneumoniae, nonetheless, gets pneumonia.
- Pneumophilic Legionella Legionnaires’ disease is a serious form of pneumonia (lung infection) that can be brought on by bacteria. Pontiac fever, a less deadly condition, can also be brought on by Legionella bacteria.
- Whooping cough, usually referred to as pertussis, is a highly infectious respiratory condition carried on by a kind of bacterium called Bordetella pertussis. Only people are susceptible to the illness.
- The cilia (tiny, hair-like extensions) that line a portion of the upper respiratory system are where whooping cough germs attach. Toxins (poisons) released by the bacteria harm the cilia and enlarge the airways.
Mycoplasma pneumoniae :
- The bacterium Mycoplasma pneumoniae usually causes minor respiratory illnesses (the parts of the body involved in breathing). Sometimes, these bacteria might result in more serious lung infections that really need hospital treatment. To stop the spread of M. pneumoniae and other respiratory pathogens, good hygiene is crucial.
Rhino Viruse/Entero Virus:
- Around 50% of common colds are caused by rhinoviruses or enteroviruses. People can contract more than 100 enteroviruses and more than 100 rhinoviruses.
- Rhinoviruses and non-polio enteroviruses are both fairly prevalent viruses. While the majority of infected individuals show no symptoms or just minor signs, certain infections can be serious, especially in young children and those with weakened immune systems.
Timing at the Slough Medical Centre
Monday To Friday: Visit anytime between 9 am to 5 pm (After 5 pm Book the Emergency test only at Slough Medical Centre, additional £30 applies after 5PM weekdays or 12Pm weekends and Bank holidays)
Saturday: Visit anytime between 9 AM to 12 Noon (After 12 pm Book the Emergency test only at Slough Medical Centre, after 12PM additional £30 on top of emergency charges will be applied)
Sunday: Visit anytime between 9 AM to 12 Noon (After 12 Noon Book the Emergency test only at Slough Medical Centre, after 12PM additional £30 on top of emergency charges will be applied)
Bank Holidays: Visit anytime between 9 am to 12 noon, subject to change.
Test results will be available Same Day between 10PM- 11:59PM.
- Place the order and Book your test appointment.
- Please Visit our Slough Medical Centre Clinic, Manor Park Medical Centre, Slough, SL1 3XU
- We will provide you a test kit to deposit your samples on site.
- Email will be sent when the Results are ready or you can also access on the Results Portal.